Headache overview

Woman with a headache

Headache disorders

Headache disorders are one of the most common disorders of the nervous system. Characterised by recurrent headaches, these can be painful and disabling to sufferers.1

Primary headache disorders are usually not due to an underlying disease or cause. Secondary headaches on the other hand occur due to the presence of a primary cause. Examples would be sinus infections, a concussion, dehydration, ear infections, high blood pressure and even medication-over use.2

A silent affliction1,3

Headaches impact all facets of our life

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People who experience headaches not only suffer the physical pain but it also leads to a poorer quality of life and if severe or frequent, can exert a financial cost. Their family life, social life and employment may be affected especially when dealing with chronic headaches. 2

Suffering from headaches can also be a lonely experience for some. According to the Global Pain Index survey conducted in 2018, 4 in 10 people felt that their friends or close ones don’t really understand what it is like to experience chronic pain. Globally 55% of those surveyed didn’t talk about their pain experience because they felt it was something personal.3

Meet Brody and Rebecca

Image of a patient pain free from headache


Brody is a young executive working his way up the corporate ladder. With long workdays and tight deadlines, it’s not surprising he sometimes suffers from headaches. He’s seen his doctor about it and was glad to hear that these were nothing more serious than tension type headaches, though it impacts his life and work at times.

Brody needs something that works fast to relieve his headaches when he gets them. He also wants something gentle for his stomach, so he can manage his pain on the go.

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Patient with migraine


When it strikes, Rebecca gets a throbbing headache on the right side, feels sick and finds noise hard to bear. As a young mother to a newborn, she’s tired and stressed, waiting for the next headache. All she wanted was to enjoy motherhood but with sleepless nights, the headaches are getting bothersome.

Rebecca wants something that she can tolerate and effective to help manage her headaches.

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Understanding headaches

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Learn about the causes and triggers of headaches

Discover the causes and triggers for the more common types of primary headache disorders.


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How do they present?

Find out the signs and symptoms of tension-type headache. Learn about “red flag” symptoms that indicate a referral to a doctor.

Signs and symptoms

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What can you recommend to your patients for pain relief from their headaches?

Find out more about both non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments for tension-type headache.


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Panadol Migraine pack shot

Panadol Extra 500mg/65mg Soluble Effervescent Tablets (paracetamol, caffeine)

The ingredients in Panadol Extra Soluble provide fast and effective relief for tough pain.4-8

Learn more & PI

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Our overviews of common pain conditions explore the causes, signs, symptoms and impact of each condition, and summarise the latest evidence-based management recommendations.

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Find out how our tailored treatments can help your patients manage their everyday pain.

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