Sprains and strains: Overview

Man clutching ankle

Pain from sprains and strains

Sprains and strains are common injuries affecting the muscles and ligaments.1

A sprain is a torn or twisted ligament caused by applying abnormal or excessive force to a joint, most commonly affecting the wrists, ankles, thumbs or knees.2

A strain is an overstretched or torn muscle – or 'pulled muscle' – that typically occurs in the feet, legs and back.2

These soft-tissue injuries are a frequent cause of pain, but can be managed with a variety of interventions.2

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Soft-tissue injuries are a common cause of pain3

Meet Dan and Nicholas

Man running with family


Dan, 42, has a young family and wants to make sure they are fit and active.

He is keen to use something targeted for his body pain which will also help with inflammation.

Dan gets pain in his calf from time to time when running which has stopped him from exercising in the past. He wants relief from his pain so he can continue to be active with his young family.

Voltarol Back & Muscle Pain Relief 1.16% Gel helps restore movement by relieving pain and reducing inflammation. Recommend Voltarol Back & Muscle Pain Relief 1.16% Gel to help Dan get back on with his life.

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Nicholas, aged 35, is an ambitious guy.

During the week, he has a demanding office based job – but sport is his real passion: his free time revolves around it, after work and for a considerable part of his weekend, both playing and watching.

He has recently strained a muscle that he has injured several times before, and recovery is taking longer than it did in the past. This means he is having to stick to the sidelines, which is making him glum and frustrated.

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Understanding sprains and strains

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Find out about the causes of sprains and strains.

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Signs and symptoms

Explore an overview of how to recognise sprains and strains and know when to refer patients.

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Learn how sprains and strains can be managed.

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Voltarol Back & Muscle Pain Relief 1.16% Gel Diclofac Diethylammonium

Voltarol Back & Muscle Pain Relief 1.16% Gel Diclofac Diethylammonium for strains and sprains

Scientifically proven to help relieve pain, reduce inflammation and restore movement.

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Voltarol 140mg Medicated Plaster

Voltarol 140mg Medicated Plaster for strains and sprains

Effective relief of muscle pain with a patch that targets pain and inflammation.6

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Patient care resources

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