Symptoms of colds
Nasal symptoms are the most bothersome symptoms of a cold, namely:1,2
- Congestion – a blocked nose.
- Rhinorrhoea – a runny nose.
- Sinus pressure and pain – headaches.
- Sneezing – blowing your nose often.
More than 90% of the population suffers from nasal symptoms due to the common cold each year.1
Nasal symptoms impact quality of life due to:
- Discomfort from obstructed breathing due to swelling and mucus2
- Inconvenience from the frequent need to blow the nose2
- Reduced quality and quantity of sleep3,4
- Daytime fatigue and poor concentration4
- Lost time from work or school5
- Colds and infections of the upper respiratory system are the most common illnesses among infants because of the difficulty they have in sneezing to free the nose and the rhinopharynx from mucus and other secretions
- Increased nasal secretions usually cause congestion, a runny nose, coughing and vomiting, and if the problem is not dealt with immediately, complications may arise
- Dyspnoea, or shortness of breath, increases during feeding, so that the baby fails to absorb sufficient fluids or take in sufficient food, becomes irritable and upset, and experiences poor quality sleep, which affects normal development
- Secondary middle ear infections are frequent, and in more serious and persistent cases, inflammation of the sinuses can occur
- Symptoms of congestion are described as:8
- Irregular, strained or heavy breathing.
- Clogged, closed, reddened, chapped or dirty nasal passages.
- There are typically three levels of severity described by mothers:8
- A mild runny nose that isn’t completely blocked
- A blocked nose that doesn’t run but is usually easily cleared
- A severely blocked nose with thick, green mucus